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Myopic parents look here! Be careful of your child repeating the same mistakes

Posting time:2023-01-31 06:22:54

Myopic parents look here! Be careful of your child repeating the same mistakes

Are you such a parent too? At the age of 6, at 100 degrees, my parents said: "It's okay, there is no need to treat it. The child is still young and does not need to wear glasses. 8 years old, at 200 degrees, looking at the blackboard is a bit blurry. Parents say: Let's observe and observe, let the class teacher adjust the seat to the front row for you first, don't wear glasses first, you can't take them off after wearing them. 10 years old, at 300 degrees, it's not good, I can't see at all, my parents said: go get some glasses! When I was 12 years old, I was about to take the high school entrance examination. When the degree was 400 degrees, my parents said: What's going on? The degree has risen again, should it really be treated for the child? But children in junior high school are nervous and have no time to study. Let's talk about it! At the age of 13, at 600 degrees (into a high degree of myopia), my parents said: Why is it rising so fast? what should we do? Just leave it alone and wait for the child to undergo surgery! At the age of 18, when it was 1000 degrees, my parents said: The degree has risen to such a degree, and it was all made by you! They are all very nearsighted! Only surgery! After arriving at the hospital, I found that: the degree is too high; the risk of surgery is increased; there may be problems with the cornea; retinal thinning and high myopia fundus changes; Did Mom and Dad's splendid brain circuits shock you? But this is really happening in thousands of myopic children. According to the latest data, the number of people with myopia in my country has exceeded 450 million, and the onset of myopia shows a trend of early age, rapid progress and deep degree. Among them, the incidence of myopia is about 30% for primary school students and about 90% for college students. 2 How does myopia develop into high myopia? In the outpatient clinic, parents of myopic children often ask me: "Is there any way to restore the child's vision to normal?" Do you know what happened to the child's eyes during the process of developing from myopia to high myopia? There are myopic children at home. When I go to the ophthalmologist, I often hear the doctor say, "Go and measure the axial length of the eye." Do you need to measure the axial length of the eye for myopia examination and glasses? Axial length refers to the length of the eyeball from front to back, which is equivalent to the height of a person from the ground to the top of the head. Height is an important indicator for monitoring human development. Doctors will judge whether the development is abnormal based on this indicator. The axial length of the eye is 17-19 mm. During this period, the axial length of the eye will grow rapidly, and it will gradually increase after the age of 3. At about the age of 12, the axial length of the eye is basically stable, and then reaches 23.5-24 mm in adulthood. growth process. If the eye axis is too long, the light can only focus in front of the retina, this state is called myopia. Most myopia is axial myopia. Myopia has a commonly used classification standard according to the degree: the degree greater than 600 degrees is called high myopia. Therefore, children and adolescents with longer axial lengths are more myopic with similar ocular conditions. Axial growth rate is also one of the indicators to judge whether the refractive development of children and adolescents is normal. For example, the normal axial growth of the yellow race between the ages of 7-12 years is about 0.15-0.2mm per year, while the myopic children are greater than 0.3mm. Eyeball development is a one-way street. The eye axis car has only two options: moving forward and parking. It cannot turn around or reverse. Therefore, once myopia occurs, there are only two possibilities to continue to grow and to stop growing, it will not be reduced, and it cannot be cured. 3 The impact of high myopia on children's future The process of axial growth is also like "blowing a balloon", the balloon skin is the retina, choroid and sclera of the eyeball. The fragile retina will continue to thin due to the enlargement of the eyeball, so the retina and other fundus tissues of patients with high myopia are thinner, the structural stability is reduced, and it is more prone to complications such as retinal degeneration, holes, and even retinal detachment, macular hemorrhage, and finally may be Serious damage to visual function. The results of research in the ophthalmology community have found that once the development of high myopia (degrees over 600 degrees and axial length greater than 26 mm): glaucoma is 14 times more likely, cataracts are 3 times more likely, and if the degree is greater than 800 degrees, the risk of retinopathy will increase. 8 times higher. High myopia not only affects eye health, but also affects the future of children. 1. Entrance to a higher education, joining the army, taking civil servant exams and finding a job are restricted; 2. The inheritance is passed on to the next generation, and the genetic tendency of high myopia is obvious; 3. The appearance is damaged, and wearing a pair of "goldfish eyes" affects the ability to find objects! 4. Say goodbye to strenuous sports (diving, bungee jumping, boxing, high jump, roller coaster, etc.), and pay attention to protecting your eyes when playing ball; (The post about the high myopia and low self-esteem of the first-year students on Zhihu and losing hope for the future, 355,000 people watched) Most people will go through a development process from myopia to high myopia. Compared with myopia, parents and mothers of high myopia and its complications should pay attention to it. Don’t take vision inspection as an unnecessary thing. You don’t want your children to suffer from high myopia in the future. Control is particularly important now. Dr. Deng of Pediatric Ophthalmology suggested: For preschool children, it is necessary to check every six months, and for post-school children, it is necessary to check every 3 months! (The pictures in this article are from the Internet, if there is any infringement, please contact to delete)

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