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Don't let your child spend a lifetime battling high myopia

Posting time:2022-12-02 08:36:11

Don't let your child spend a lifetime battling high myopia

Recently, there was a mother of a little girl with high myopia in the outpatient clinic that impressed me a lot. The little girl is 15 years old and has more than 700 degrees of myopia. Looking through the medical records, it can be seen that the child's myopia has deepened very quickly. Knowing that the child is highly short-sighted, the mother looks like she is about to cry. While scolding my daughter, I asked, "Is there any other treatment for Deng Bo?" I was very helpless. The current focus of treatment can only be to prevent myopia from further deepening. There is still a lot of room for myopia to deepen for 15-year-old children until they reach adulthood. Regularly review the fundus to prevent the occurrence of complications of high myopia. Repeatedly told the little girl that if her eyes suddenly flashed like lightning, she should go to the hospital immediately. Through this incident, I feel that it is very necessary to write an article on the dangers of high myopia to remind everyone that you must not let your child develop to a high degree of myopia before regretting it. >>>>My myopia is 600 degrees, am I highly myopic? Clinically, myopia is generally divided into three categories according to the degree of myopia: mild myopia: within 300 degrees; moderate myopia: 300-600 degrees; high myopia: more than 600 degrees; The axial length of myopia patients is generally longer. According to data, for every 300 degrees of myopia, the axial length of the eye increases by 1 mm. The eye axis grows, like a ping pong ball being pulled into the shape of an egg. In both cases, children with forward-looking eyes have protruding eyes; the so-called goldfish eyes. Many people misunderstand that it is because wearing glasses for a long time has deformed the eye belt. In fact, it is caused by the deepening of myopia. In another case, the child's eye axis grows backward, pulling the retina, and the retina becomes more and more brittle, which may cause a series of serious complications. >>>>Complications of high myopia High myopia: one of the blinding eye diseases, high myopia has become the first cause of blindness among people over 60 years old. Patients with high myopia may have serious complications: retinal thinning and detachment are common complications of high myopia, and the incidence is 7-8 times that of ordinary people. Normally, our retinal length is unchanged. After the occurrence of high myopia, the axial length of the eye grows but the retina does not lengthen accordingly, so it will be stretched, resulting in thinning of the retina, so retinal detachment or even perforation is prone to occur. Glaucoma: The incidence of glaucoma is 14 times higher than that of ordinary people. The main symptom of glaucoma is high intraocular pressure. If the eye is regarded as a balloon, glaucoma will blow up the balloon. Therefore, high myopia lengthens the eye axis and thins the skin of the balloon of the eye (the iris and choroid in the outer layer of the eye become thinner), the balloon becomes larger, and the pressure inside the ball also increases, and the pressure squeeze damages the optic nerve , so that the eye nutrition can not keep up, (nutrient supplement metabolism is blocked), so it is prone to glaucoma. Cataract: The incidence of cataract is 3 times that of ordinary people. In patients with high myopia, the axial length of the eye increases, the eyeball becomes larger, the blood supply to the eye is affected, the nutrition metabolism in the eye is blocked, the permeability of the lens capsule changes, and lens dystrophy And metabolic disorders and gradually opacity, visual acuity gradually decreased to produce concurrent cataracts. Posterior scleral staphyloma: Occurs in about 70% of high myopia. High myopia causes vision loss due to the eyeball growing backward like a grape, the optic nerve and the retina around the macular degeneration and atrophy. The higher the degree of myopia, the higher the incidence of posterior scleral staphyloma, severe blindness. The vitreous opacity is also called "floaters": the most intuitive feeling of patients is that there are mosquitoes flying around in front of them. The normal vitreous body is jelly-shaped. In high myopia, due to the elongation of the eyeball, the volume of the vitreous cavity continues to expand, making the jelly-shaped vitreous body somewhat liquefied, also known as "vitreous liquefaction". Retinal atrophy, degeneration, hemorrhage and hole: Due to the lengthening of the eye axis, poor blood supply to the eye, posterior scleral staphyloma and other factors, patients with high myopia are prone to retinal degeneration, holes, bleeding and blindness. Subretinal neovascularization: the incidence is 5%-40%. It is manifested as neovascularization under the retina at the posterior pole, causing hemorrhage and affecting vision. Posterior pole lesions of high myopia: epimacular membrane, macular retinoschisis, macular lamellar hole... >>>> Patients with high myopia cannot exercise vigorously Patients with high myopia need to avoid strenuous exercise, especially for the eyeball and Activity with direct impact or significant concussion on the head. Such as diving, bungee jumping, boxing, high jump, some violent shaking games in the amusement park. Even some common sports, such as basketball, football, badminton, etc., will be greatly restricted. In addition, extremely intense extreme sports such as bungee jumping, diving, and skydiving are also not allowed in principle. Because participating in these activities can cause a huge impact on the eyeball, the probability of developing lesions in the relatively fragile eyeball with high myopia is significantly increased. >>>>Leaving the development of myopia is the culprit of high myopia. Not all myopia will develop into high myopia. If we can pay attention to the prevention and control of myopia early, we will not let the child go to the point of high myopia in the future. On the other hand, the current high myopia patients are often caused by their parents who did not pay attention to the children's eye habits when they were young, which led to the deepening of the children's myopia every year, and in the end they were uncontrollable and powerless. From a biological point of view, retinal cells are non-renewable objects, and the effect of vision correction is related to the survival of retinal cells. Therefore, it is very important to control the growth of myopia as soon as possible. No. Therefore, controlling the growth of myopia is the key to preventing high myopia! ! ! ﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌﹌ contact delete)

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