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Children sneeze and runny nose when the seasons change! How to prevent allergic rhinitis? Can it be cured?

Posting time:2023-03-24 20:29:03

Children sneeze and runny nose when the seasons change! How to prevent allergic rhinitis? Can it be cured?

When the seasons change, many children with allergic rhinitis will be very uncomfortable, either with persistent runny nose or persistent sneezing. Some younger children will cry endlessly, which will seriously affect learning, exercise and sleep. Not only is the child uncomfortable, but the parents are also worried, and it is themselves who wish to be sick. In fact, allergic rhinitis can be prevented in advance, but to prevent it, you must first understand the disease.

What exactly is allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis, or allergic rhinitis, is a chronic disease that causes an excessive defensive reaction of the nasal mucosa in children after exposure to allergens. Its typical symptoms are nasal itching, nasal congestion, runny water-like nasal discharge (turned to purulent nasal discharge if infected) and persistent sneezing. Some eyes may have symptoms such as conjunctival congestion and eye itching. These symptoms can be very uncomfortable for children, but they are actually the body's response to fighting the cause and restoring function as quickly as possible. Although allergic rhinitis is not fatal, it is very troublesome to attack, and the incidence rate of children is 10-30%. Parents should pay attention to allergic rhinitis.

How are allergens detected?

Pollen, dust mites, animal dander or feathers, fungal spores, etc. are the main allergens of allergic rhinitis. However, since allergic rhinitis is a personal physical problem, the allergens of each child will be different, and parents should find out as soon as possible. So, how do you spot allergens? One must rely on parents to observe carefully. Allergic rhinitis is an immediate allergic reaction that usually occurs within minutes to 2 hours of a child's exposure to the allergen. Allergens are easy to spot and fairly reliable as long as parents watch their children carefully for symptoms when they are sick. Second, go to the hospital for examination. If parents are not sure about their children's allergens, don't make random guesses. It is best to go to the hospital in time to do a skin prick test and blood test for allergen IgE testing. If your child is taking antihistamines, stop them for at least a week before getting a skin prick test. Once the allergen is discovered, it is necessary to treat it symptomatically.

How is allergic rhinitis treated?

There is no cure for allergic rhinitis, and it is the most effective treatment to control rhinitis without attack. Common and effective treatment methods generally have three, they are: avoid contact with allergens, drug treatment and desensitization treatment. 1. Avoid contact with allergens. The easiest way to prevent allergic rhinitis is to avoid allergens. If the child is allergic to pollen, it is necessary to give up growing flowers and plants indoors, close the doors and windows more when spring comes, and buy an air purifier to purify the air if necessary. If your child is allergic to dust mites, create a clean, ventilated and dry home environment, wash and change bedding frequently, and do your best to reduce dust mites. If the child is allergic to animal dander or feathers, parents should give up the idea of ​​raising small animals at home, and all bedding and down jackets filled with down must be disposed of. If there is no way to avoid it, prepare in advance and keep allergens out of the nasal cavity by using nasal filters, special masks, pollen blockers, etc. 2. Drug treatment Like many diseases, allergic rhinitis is also divided into severity and intensity of treatment. It is mainly treated by oral or nasal drugs, combined with external saline flushing. If the child's learning, movement and sleep are not disturbed by allergic rhinitis, it is mild, and generally requires nasal antihistamines (levocabastine hydrochloride spray, etc.), oral second-generation antihistamines (cetidine) Rizine, loratadine), the course of treatment is generally not less than 2 weeks. If allergic rhinitis interferes with a child's learning, exercise and sleep, it is considered moderate to severe. In addition to oral anti-leukotriene drugs (Single Ning), patients also need to use nasal sprays of hormones [mometasone furoate (Nexura)] and [fluticasone propionate (Fuxulian)]. , the course of treatment is more than 4 weeks. It should be noted that whether it is an oral drug, a nasal drug, or a nasal wash, it must be purchased and used under the guidance of a doctor to avoid the risk of drug-induced rhinitis. 3. Desensitization treatment Desensitization treatment, commonly known as immunotherapy, has an exact therapeutic effect. It stimulates the body by sequentially increasing the dose of allergens, thereby reducing the body's sensitivity and achieving desensitization effects. Desensitization treatment is not omnipotent, and the effective ones are limited to dust mites, some common pollen, some molds, cat hair and dog hair.

How can allergic rhinitis be prevented?

In order to prevent allergic rhinitis, in addition to avoiding allergens and desensitization treatment, at the same time, children should strengthen exercise, improve their own immunity, and also do a good job of family protection and cleanliness. Seasonal change is the season of high incidence of allergic rhinitis, as long as you reduce going out. For example, when spring comes, you can enjoy flowers online; in autumn and winter, go to places with few people and wide ground; if you have to go out, you must wear a mask. Seeing this, do you have a clearer understanding of allergic rhinitis? As long as proper precautions are taken, even if the seasons change, children can easily spend their time.

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