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9 out of 10 pregnant women have anemia! Prevent Anemia During Pregnancy, Here's What You Need to Do

Posting time:2023-01-28 05:13:04

9 out of 10 pregnant women have anemia! Prevent Anemia During Pregnancy, Here's What You Need to Do

As the saying goes, "nine out of ten pregnant women are anemia". Anemia during pregnancy is a very common disease, and iron deficiency anemia is the most common anemia during pregnancy. This is because the iron reserves in the pregnant woman's body must not only meet the synthesis of her own hemoglobin, but also meet the developmental needs of the fetus. And with the increase of gestational weeks, the probability of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women will increase. Mothers must not take it lightly. If you do not intervene in time, it will have a certain impact on the health of pregnant mothers and babies.

1. Why is it easy to be anemia during breastfeeding and pregnancy?

The "blood" that anemia refers to is simply the hemoglobin content in the blood. There are many reasons for anemia during pregnancy, some of which are caused by physiological factors, because as the gestational age increases, the blood volume also increases accordingly. At this time, the increase in plasma exceeds the increase in red blood cells, and the blood will be in a state of dilution. This situation It is called "physiological anemia". The most common of these is iron-deficiency anemia, which is due to the need for fetal growth and development. As blood volume increases, the demand and utilization of iron also increases. The absorption of iron from food is limited, resulting in iron-deficiency anemia. There is also a megaloblastic anemia, mainly caused by a lack of folic acid, of course, it may also be caused by a lack of vitamin B12. As for the lack of folic acid, it is basically due to the lack of timely supplementation during pregnancy, or its own reasons, or it may be the problem of food cooking, which leads to the loss of folic acid. So what are the effects of anemia during pregnancy on the fetus? The World Health Organization stipulates that pregnancy with anemia can be diagnosed when the hemoglobin during pregnancy is less than 110g/L. According to the regulations, the degree of anemia in pregnant mothers can be divided into mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia. For mild anemia, there are normally no symptoms, and it is only found during routine blood tests. Therefore, mild anemia generally does not have much impact on pregnant mothers and babies, as long as they are monitored in time and treated according to the doctor's advice. If you do not pay attention to the usual care, and turn into moderate or severe anemia, the most common symptoms are fatigue, dizziness, palpitations, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, and some have pale skin and lips, and cold hands and feet. Therefore, if a pregnant mother finds that she has the above symptoms, she should pay attention and go to the hospital in time. If not paid attention to, anemia will increase the risk of pregnancy or postpartum complications, such as hypertensive disease during pregnancy, postpartum hemorrhagic shock, puerperium infection, etc.! For fetal babies, insufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients can easily lead to underweight babies, growth restriction, premature birth with reduced amniotic fluid, neonatal asphyxia or hypoxic encephalopathy, and even stillbirth in severe cases. So, don't underestimate anemia!

Second, how to prevent anemia during pregnancy?

If a pregnant mother is found to have anemia during the physical examination, she should actively cooperate with the doctor for treatment. However, it should be noted that it is not reliable to supplement blood through red dates, peanuts and other red foods! The correct way is: if the pregnant mother is iron-deficiency anemia, it is necessary to follow the doctor's advice and add large doses of iron. Iron therapy should be continued until 3-6 months after hemoglobin is normal or until 3 months postpartum. Since some people experience gastrointestinal discomfort after taking iron supplements, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation and other symptoms, it is recommended to take iron supplements 30 minutes after meals. Of course, in addition to iron supplements, small doses of folic acid should be taken, starting from 3 months before pregnancy until 3 months after pregnancy. This can not only prevent megaloblastic anemia, but also help prevent congenital neural tube defects. Second, in terms of diet, you can't lag behind your legs. Pregnant mothers can eat more iron-rich foods, such as egg yolk, kelp, seaweed, fungus, animal blood, etc. At the same time, you can eat more fruits and vegetables, because the rich vitamin C will promote the absorption of iron in the intestinal tract. Therefore, if you eat iron-containing foods, it is recommended to eat some fruits and vegetables. Expectant mothers also need to pay attention that when supplementing iron, try not to drink coffee, strong tea and other beverages, which will affect the absorption of iron.

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