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Liver and kidney failure caused by taking compound cold medicine? Give your baby medicine, you must know these 3 points

Posting time:2022-12-02 07:24:45

Liver and kidney failure caused by taking compound cold medicine? Give your baby medicine, you must know these 3 points

A college student in his 20s took two kinds of cold medicines without authorization. As a result, he developed symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and low urine output. He was sent to the hospital that night and was diagnosed with acute liver and kidney failure caused by drugs. Coincidentally, not long ago in Zhengzhou, Henan, an 8-month-old baby boy was suspected of suffering from liver failure after taking cold medicine. At first, the little boy had symptoms of yellow urine, and then the whites of his eyes began to turn yellow. The blood test found that the liver function index was as high as more than 900, and he was diagnosed as liver damage by the doctor. Although doctors said that the cause of liver failure may be caused by drugs, it may also be part of its own reasons. But in any case, misuse of cold medicine does bring certain risks to children! Because many cold medicines on the market are compound cold medicines, that is, two or more kinds of preparations mixed with several different types of medicines. , expectorant, antiviral and other combinations of these medicinal effects. Children who take these drugs may be taking double doses, which is one of the reasons for the risk to children.

1. How to identify compound cold medicines

So, how do we identify compound cold medicines? In fact, it is very simple. Parents can check whether the names of these medicines have words such as "ammonia", "phenol", "min", "hemp" and "beauty". These words represent the abbreviations for the following components. For example, "ammonia", "phenol" and "aminophen" are the abbreviations for acetaminophen; "min" and "namin" are the abbreviations for chlorpheniramine maleate; "mei" and "meifen" are the abbreviations of dextromethorphan. Abbreviations, etc.

2. What are the possible harms of compound cold medicines

Because compound cold medicines contain a variety of ingredients, compared with adults, children have the risk of adverse drug reactions will also be higher. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has long warned children under the age of 2 not to use combination cold medicines. The National Medical Products Administration has also revised the instructions of 14 commonly used compound cold medicines such as paracetamol and Mamei oral solution. Most of these 14 medicines are commonly used medicines for children with colds and fever. In addition, experts from the Academy of Pediatrics also remind infants and young children under the age of 2 to use compound cold medicine with caution. Why do various countries pay special attention to these compound cold medicines? First of all, for infants and young children, many of their organs are not yet fully developed. If they take compound medicines, they may cause an excessive burden on the body and cause serious adverse reactions. Secondly, some ingredients in compound cold medicines, such as acetaminophen (commonly known as paracetamol), can damage the liver and kidneys when used for a long time and in excess doses; anti-allergic drugs such as chlorpheniramine can cause drowsiness, nausea and other adverse reactions. Newborns and premature babies are also not suitable to take, and so on. Finally, most of the cold medicines on the market are compound preparations, which contain many ingredients. When used in combination with other medicines, there is a risk of duplication, overdose, or unnecessary intake of ingredients. Especially when children have a cold and fever, parents may also give their children some antipyretic tablets containing acetaminophen, which may cause overdose and lead to adverse reactions. At present, the State Drug Administration has cancelled 8 varieties of compound cold medicines, including Pediatric Phenolaminocamin Granules and Pediatric Compound Aspirin Tablets.

3. What should children pay attention to when taking cold medicine?

First of all, as parents, we need to realize that the common cold medicine is not to treat the cold, but to relieve the discomfort such as fever and runny nose caused by the cold. Therefore, when the child has a cold and fever, parents should give the child medicine under the guidance of the doctor or pharmacist, and cannot give the child medicine without authorization based on their own feelings. Second, choose medicines with clear dosages for children, such as seeing whether there are words that are contraindicated in children or ingredients in the instructions. According to the symptoms of cold, choose medicines containing corresponding therapeutic ingredients. If there are single-ingredient medicines, try not to use compound preparations; if you can choose one medicine, try not to use two or more cold medicines. Finally, take it strictly according to the instructions and dosage or as directed by your doctor. In addition, children usually need to calculate the dosage according to their weight to avoid overdose. It should be noted here that it is necessary to check whether there is the possibility of repeated medication when combining medication to avoid adverse reactions. In short, for the sake of children's health, parents must pay attention to the problem of medication, and don't step on the thunder!

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