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When suffering from osteoarthritis, whether to use cold or hot compresses, keep these 4 precautions in mind or it may relieve

Posting time:2022-12-02 07:07:05

When suffering from osteoarthritis, whether to use cold or hot compresses, keep these 4 precautions in mind or it may relieve

There are hundreds of millions of osteoarthritis patients in China, and more than 50% of the elderly suffer from different degrees of disease. According to the World Health Organization, about 355 million people in the world suffer from osteoarthritis, and the prevalence rate is over 40 years old. 10%-17% of the population, 50% of people over 60 years old, and 80% of people over 75 years old. It can be seen from the data that most of the patients are middle-aged and elderly. After suffering from the disease in the early stage, in addition to conventional treatment, physical therapy is also very important to promote the recovery of the disease, such as cold compresses and hot compresses. But after the onset, whether to use cold compress or hot compress, let's find out. Cold compress or hot compress for osteoarthritis depends on the cause of the disease. For diseases caused by sports injuries and sprains, cold compresses are required in the early stage to prevent continued bleeding, bruising and swelling, and can also reduce the metabolic rate and achieve anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. The effect of hot compress is just the opposite. It has the functions of dilating blood vessels, promoting blood circulation, improving the body's metabolic rate, allowing faster absorption of inflammation, eliminating tissue edema, increasing ligament elasticity, restoring muscle function, and promoting healing. However, hot compresses are suitable for the treatment of certain rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. If the osteoarthritis causes traumatic effusion, it is necessary to apply ice compresses within 24 hours of the onset, and heat compresses 48 hours later. In addition, other aspects should also be paid attention to, in order to promote the disease to return to normal faster. First, do not overuse the diseased joint because osteoarthritis itself is a degenerative change in the joint. After the disease occurs, if the injured joint is overused, such as excessive weight bearing or repeated single exercise for a long time, it will lead to this kind of disease. The disease deteriorates rapidly in a short period of time and is difficult to treat. Second, patients who exercise properly should do more joint exercises to reduce the pressure on bones and joints, enhance the strength of the muscles around the joints, and increase the protective function of the joints. For example, swimming is the best way to relieve the disease; in addition, cycling and walking on smooth roads, not doing strenuous exercise, such as playing ball and climbing, is of great significance to the recovery of osteoarthritis. Third, a light diet In terms of diet, a sufficient supply of calcium, protein, vitamins and dietary fiber should be ensured. It is generally recommended to eat milk, fish, lean meat, eggs and yellow-green vegetables, such as spinach, cabbage and carrots. Eating some of these foods can adjust the diet structure to ensure adequate nutrition. Of course, different patients have different conditions and different diets, so it is best to determine according to their own conditions. Fourth, after receiving regular treatment for osteoarthritis, patients need acupuncture or injections into the joint cavity to relieve swelling and pain caused by the disease. However, before this type of treatment, it needs to be operated by a regular doctor to understand whether it can be carried out and when to carry it out. Patients need to pay attention to preventing intra-articular infection after treatment, so as not to aggravate the disease. When osteoarthritis occurs, it is necessary to reduce the weight of the joints, walking with crutches can be used, women should avoid wearing high heels, and people who are overweight should lose weight. Secondly, you should pay attention to a reasonable diet, eat some foods high in calcium, sulfur and histidine appropriately, and avoid eating foods with high sweetness, high fat, and greasy sweetness. In short, there are many things that need to be paid attention to after the occurrence of osteoarthritis, not only the problem of cold and hot compresses.

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